Diaper Rash

Diaper rash is a widespread expression that indicates any skin irritation developing in the diaper-covered region – usually the thighs and buttocks of children. In other words, this is the swelling and tenderness of the skin attributed to a reaction to the potent chemical and enzymes present in excreta and urine as well as the heat generated by these waste substances released by the body. The diaper usually blocks and holds these toxic blends against the baby’s bottom resulting in an eruption of rashes.

In case the baby develops a contact diaper rash – a condition attributed to the reaction of excreta, urine, soap, plastic pants, disposable diapers and / or diarrhea, the area, especially the buttocks and the thighs, will be swollen and painful to touch. At the same time, the skin at the affected area will turn reddish and become aggravated. In some cases, the child may also develop swollen areas as well as ulcers and bruises on the surface of the affected area. Other symptoms of a diaper rash may include dry skin and scaling accompanies by tarnished patches. On the other hand, if the child develops a fungal diaper rash set off by the existence of Candida Albi can sin the intestinal tract, the skin in the affected area will become soft and downy, gleaming and vivid red. At the same time, the edges of the lesions and rash will be very distinct and it is possible that spread out spots may emerge in the inguinal or the groin region. In such cases, you need to consult your physician or a nurse with a view to making a diagnosis of the rash at the earliest in order to begin instant treatment to alleviate and eliminate the woeful condition.

What Sets Off Diaper Rash?

There are several factors that may result in the eruption of diaper rash. Some of these factors are briefly discussed below:

Interaction with excreta and urine
When the baby’s skin is exposed to noxious substances like feces and urine for a long-drawn-out period, it may result in irritation of the skin. In effect, urine, as well as feces, may release moisture that eventually gets in touch with the skin making it more susceptible to harm and exasperation. It has been found that when digestive enzymes present in the feces come in contact with the baby’s tender skin, it may augment the risk of developing a diaper rash. While it is true that ammonia present in urine and responsible for its decayed smell causes is often responsible for skin irritation, the amount of the substance present in the urine of the babies are not adequate enough to set off diaper rash. Nevertheless, even the insignificant levels of ammonia present in the urine of the infants have the capacity to deteriorate the condition of the skin that is inflamed and irritated from before.
The feeding technique
Compared to babies who are fed from bottles, infants who consume breast milk is less susceptible to developing diaper rash. This is primarily owing to the fact that breastfeeding babies excrete smaller amounts of stools that are actually not so irksome to the skin.
Friction and abrasion
In fact, tight-fitting diapers that rub against the skin are most likely to result in the eruption of diaper rash. The condition of the skin will worsen if it is wet. In addition, when the skin comes in contact with the skin in the skin folds within the area covered by the diaper and causes some kind of abrasion, it may also result in diaper rash.
Skin conditions existing from before
It may be noted that children and infants who have been enduring any skin condition, such as eczema and atopic dermatitis (a chronic eczematous skin condition especially of children characterized by intense itching and inflammation) from before are more susceptible to having a diaper rash.
Use of antibiotics
Often using antibiotics dislocates the usual equilibrium of ‘good bacteria’ that are generally responsible for restraining the actions of specific microorganisms like yeasts. Here it needs to be mentioned that not only antibiotics are taken by the infant but also, the nursing mother may affect the baby and may result in the development of diaper rash.
Skin contact with irksome compounds
Every part of a baby, especially the skin, is very tender and hence, it may be irritated at the slightest provocation. In effect, detergents, fabric softeners, baby lotions, soaps, scents as well as baby wipes contain a number of ordinary chemicals that may prove to be extremely exasperating to the tender skin of the infants and they ought to be avoided. Hence, it is essential that you consult your physician or pharmacist regarding the precise products you need to use for your child and the products you should keep away from.
Bacterial and yeast contagions
It may be mentioned that the diaper usually creates a gloomy, soggy and humid atmosphere that is considered to be an ideal ground for the propagation of bacteria as well as yeast contagions, for instance, Candida, on the tender skin of the baby. Babies who are already enduring a diaper rash are more susceptible to such infections. The symptoms of such bacterial and yeast infections may include pus, eruptions and reddish bumps in the skin folds. Some babies having these infections may also experience swollen red areas in the region covered by the diaper – generally the buttocks and the thighs.
Additional conditions
It is important to note that the condition diaper rash does not occur only in infants and babies. In fact, this condition may also develop in people enduring medical conditions like paralysis and incontinence (a condition where an individual is unable to hold back natural discharges or evacuations of urine or feces).

Diaper Rash: Symptoms and Problems

The most common symptoms of diaper rash may include redness of the skin accompanied by glossy areas and a number of scattered pimples. The rash usually occurs in the area covered by the diaper – the buttocks, the upper thighs, and genitalia or the genitals. In addition, the skin affected by the condition may also be warm to the touch. However, the folds of the skin or the creases, especially under the buttocks and in the upper thighs, generally remain untouched by this condition. Any infant or child having diaper rash may become touchy and may often cry out loud while the diaper is being changed. This happens particularly when the affected skin in the area covered by the diaper is touched during cleaning the baby. As mentioned earlier, infants and children with diaper rash are more inclined to have bacterial and yeast infections and the eruption of reddish bumps in the folds or creases of the skin are indications of the fact that the child has been infected. In addition, other symptoms of bacterial and yeast infections include blisters, pus, and inflammation (extremely swollen reddish areas on the skin).

There is no reason to panic if your child develops diaper rash since this is a very common condition among infants and young children. While this condition may happen any time till the child is wearing a diaper, most children develop this condition when they are about nine months old. It may be noted that a number of specific factors are responsible for augmenting the risks of developing diaper rash. For instance use of antibiotics, diarrhea and dehydration make the tender skin of an infant all the more defenseless against diaper rash. Disposable diapers to have been found responsible for a number of diaper rash among babies. Compared to children who use laundered cotton diapers, infants using disposable diapers are more prone to develop diaper rash. In addition, another problem with disposable diapers is that they are a big hazard to the ecology as they add to the clogged landfills.

Herbs and Supplements

Warm water has been found to be very useful in healing diaper rash – it not only promotes circulation but also facilitates the healing process. If your child is suffering from diaper rash, put him or her in a bathtub full of warm water and notice how comfortable they feel. In addition, you may dilute calendula or chamomile by adding water and apply the watered down mixture to the affected area. This will largely help in alleviating the skin irritation and inflammation further. If you notice the rash of your child becoming red and aggravated, you may apply calendula lotion, cream or gel each time you change the diaper. This will not only help to soothe the irritated and inflamed skin but also advance the healing process.

The evening primrose oil or lotion is a natural anti-inflammatory agent and applies either of them while changing the diaper every time will also soothe the skin and facilitate healing. Continue applying these until the time when there is no trace of the rash anymore. The wet skin may aggravate diaper rash and so if you find that the rash of your child is damp or moist, gently sprinkle cornstarch or kaolin clay on the affected area as this will help in keeping the region dry and promote healing of the diaper rash.

Other Beneficial Herbs

  • Tamanu Nut Oil
  • Yerba Mansa
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Baby Skin Care and Diaper Rash

A bad case of diaper rash can turn even the most loving, cooing baby into an irritable complainer. According to surveys from Loyola University, over 75 percent of newborns get diaper rash within the first few months after birth. This condition is caused by a combination of factors, the common of which are bacteria and detergent residues that are not completely rinsed out of diapers. These are not the only factors, though, – a rash can even arise from super clean diapers rubbing against your baby’s sensitive skin. You can prevent diaper rash by changing your baby’s diapers more frequently and increasing air circulation, first by using diaper covers that do not seal in moisture, then by allowing your child some time without a diaper.
Some of the products that promise to moisturize, soften and cleanse a baby’s skin can also contribute to diaper rash. Most baby oils and salves sold in drugstores are made with mineral {petroleum} oil, which is a good machinery lubricant but is questionable for anyone’s skin care, especially a baby’s. Commercial powders are also suspect. Most of them contain additives, coloring, preservatives, artificial scents and compounds that increase water repel-ency and enhance the powder’s ability to pour evenly and without clumping – these are extras that your baby’s skin does not need.
cropped-cropped-decorations-decorations-for-christmas-stunning-christmas-wall-stickers-decorations-ideas-with-colorful-floral-tree-pictures-and-combine-owls-little-birds-also-blue-hedgehog-pink-squirr.jpgSome ingredients in commercial powders, such as zinc stearate, do not harm skin, but can be harmful if inhaled. Poison centers regularly get reports about children who suffer coughing fits, labored breathing, insufficient blood oxygen and vomiting after inhaling baby powder. Even talcum powder, which is favored by parents because of its smoothness, can lead to trouble. If inhaled, its tiny sharp molecules can injure lungs, and it sometimes contains traces of arsenic {which is poisonous} or asbestos {which is carcinogenic}.
Good alternatives to chemical-laden commercial products include baby salves and powders made with chamomile, calendula, comfrey and lavender. These herbs soothe, heal and protect a baby’s sensitive skin. Herbal salves also contain beeswax, oil and lanolin, which provide a barrier against moisture and thus keep rashes from recurring. Baby powder made with cornstarch absorbs moisture and also reduces chafing. You can purchase herbal baby salves and powders in natural food stores, or you can make your own.

Fragrant Baby Powder

1/2 pound cornstarch
1/4 teaspoon lavender essential oil

Place cornstarch in a self-sealing plastic bag and add the essential oil drop by drop. Tightly close the bag and shake it to distribute the oil, breaking up any clumps through the bag. Let stand 4 days to distribute the essential oil. Use with every diaper change, or as needed. Potato starch or arrowroot powder can be used instead of cornstarch. Some herbalists use white clay, also called China clay, but this substance tends to clump when wet. Spices or salt shakers with large perforations in their lids make good powder containers.

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Diaper Rash Salve

1 cup Baby Flower Oil {see below}
1/2 ounce beeswax
1/2 teaspoon lanolin {optional}
5 – 400-International Unit Vitamin E capsules
2 – 1,000-International Unit Vitamin A {with added Vitamin D} capsules

Heat the Baby Flower Oil just enough so that you can melt the beeswax and lanolin in it. Pop the vitamin capsules with a pin and squeeze their contents into the oil. Stir well. While the mixture is still hot and liquid, pour it into widemouthed jars and let cool. {You can also use the refillable tubes sold in backpacking supply stores.} Apply with every diaper change, or as needed. Be aware, though, that lanolin causes a reaction on some people’s skin. If you wish, you can test your baby beforehand by rubbing a tiny amount of pure lanolin on her skin. This salve can be used to treat abrasions anywhere on the body and to combat diaper rash.

Infant bathing may be one case where less is actually more. According to Loyola University researchers, the average one-month-old baby is bathed four times each week and shampooed three times in the same period. Most babies need only an occasional bath in warm water with no soap or shampoo, unless you are treating a condition such as cradle cap. Following a bath, a gentle rubdown with a quality baby oil {preferably herbal} helps to replace lost skin oils. Mother Nature can also help you to protect your newborn’s skin. The vernix caseosa, a whitish protective coating that covers the skin after birth, can have long-term beneficial properties: Natural childbirth advocates believe that if this coating is rubbed into the child’s skin instead of being washed off {as is the practice at most hospitals}, the child’s chances of developing skin problems in the future will be reduced.

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Baby Flower Oil

1/2 cup each lavender flowers, calendula flowers and elder flowers
3 cups almond {or vegetable} oil

Chop dried herbs and place them in a clean glass jar. Cover herbs with almond oil and stir to remove air bubbles. Put the oil in a warm place {near a radiator or in the sun} for 2 to 3 days, then strain out herbs. If necessary, strain again using a coffee filter or fine strainer to remove the tiniest particles. Store in a cool place. Use as frequently as needed for skin treatment and massage.

Herbs can also be used to heal cradle cap, a thick, yellowish, crusty rash that forms on the scalp and sometimes the face of newborns. This rash is caused partly by an overproduction of oil. The standard medical treatment is cortisone cream, but most pediatricians would rather not use such strong steroids on babies. Instead, wash the scalp with a gentle baby shampoo to reduce excess oils, and treat daily with antiseptic and skin-healing lavender, tea tree and aloe vera.

Cradle Cap Remedy

1/4 cup aloe vera
3 drops each lavender and tea tree essential oils

Combine ingredients in a bottle and shake well to blend. Apply directly onto the skin a few times daily.